MD-401           GROSS ANATOMY (12 Credits)

Gross structure of organ systems of the human body.

Formal lectures are used to guide the student in how to acquire the fundamental knowledge of the structure of the body and organ systems. The following regions are explored: Head and Neck, Upper and Lower Extremities, Back, Thorax, Abdomen, Pelvis, and Perineum. The study of each region includes the integration of lectures, radiographs, clinical correlations and laboratory study of human cadaver specimens.  Emphasis is placed on utilization of anatomical knowledge for physical examination of a patient later in their careers. During dissection, students work in teams learning not only the gross anatomy of the human body but also the clinical relationships between those structures as well as radiological correlations.

MD-403           EMBRYOLOGY (4 Credits)

Prenatal development.

This course discusses principles of normal and abnormal embryonic and fetal development, organogenesis, and congenital malformations. Students are introduced to the molecular control of human development and subsequent congenital clinical applications.

MD-404           HISTOLOGY AND CELL BIOLOGY (8 Credits)

Microscopic structure and function of cells, tissues and organs.

Formal lectures and student presentations explore the microscopic anatomy of cells, tissues and organs. The characteristics of the basic tissues of the body (epithelial tissue, connective tissue, muscle tissue and nervous tissue) are taught.  Emphasis is on correlation of structures with function. Laboratory exercises include examination of normal tissue samples under microscopy.


MD-402           BIOCHEMISTRY (8 Credits)

Human molecular mechanisms of health and diseases

The course aims to provide students with a basic understanding of the chemical components of human body and their functions, the molecular architecture of eukaryotic cells and organelles, including membrane structure and dynamics; the principles of bioenergetics and enzyme catalysis; the chemical nature of biological macromolecules, their three-dimensional conformation, and the principles of molecular recognition; the metabolism of dietary and endogenous carbohydrate, lipid, and protein; the principles and major mechanisms of metabolic control and of molecular signaling by hormones; and the tools used in biochemistry and their potential applications to medical science.


The use Molecular Biology as groundwork in the teaching of Medical Genetics.

The objectives of the Molecular Biology section of the course are to create a basic understanding of the chemical and structural nature of biological macromolecules and the principles of molecular recognition; the control of cellular proliferation; the organization, replication and repair of the genome; gene expression; mutation; molecular genetics; and the techniques of molecular biology.  It is emphasized how inherited genetic errors can cause both single gene and multi-factorial diseases and the consequences of this inheritance for individuals and populations and the significance for clinical practice of the molecular approach to medical science.

The objectives of Medical Genetics portion of this class have been adopted from the objectives established by the American Society of Human Genetics for Medical Students.  These include an acquisition of general medical competencies, an understanding of the structure and function of genes and the general organization of the human genome, the principles of Mendelian and non-Mendelian genetics as applied to disease, chromosomal abnormalities and cytogenetics in principle and practice, population genetics as applied to issues of human health and the use of genetics in medicine. The objectives are detailed and extensive and are available for viewing on line.

MD-409           PHYSIOLOGY (10 Credits)

Basic human biological processes and their control.

The major objective of this course is to enable the students to acquire a sound understanding of the mechanisms upon which life depends, through an integrated study of the body’s control systems. The somatic and visceral systems are discussed, not only as unique functional entities, but also as a single, interrelated system.

Basic fundamental knowledge necessary for understanding the human body and the physiopathology of any associated diseases are also presented. Application and interpretation of physiological techniques to the assessment of health condition and diagnostics of diseases are remarked upon throughout the course.  The course includes laboratory reinforced lecture material and interactive computer learning.


MD-406           MICROBIOLOGY & IMMUNOLOGY             (10 Credits)

The immunology part of the course covers infectious agents causing diseases; immunological response to foreign substances; laboratory identification, pathogenesis and clinical manifestations of diseases processes; and treatment strategies.  Medical microbiology teaches the etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and prevention of infectious disease. The course begins with an introduction to the types of infectious agents and the principles of microbial physiology and genetics. All major bacteria, viruses, fungi and animal parasites are covered.

Infectious disease is covered using both organism and systems approaches, with group discussions, student presentations, and basic laboratory work organized around specific case studies.

Immunology is covered in depth including the immune response to infectious agents and disease resulting from both acquired and innate immune defects.

MD-408           NEUROSCIENCE  (10 Credits)

Structure and function of the human brain, spinal cord and peripheral nervous system.

This course integrates both the anatomy and physiology of the nervous system. The principles that underlie the anatomical structures of each system are correlated with its physiology and relevant clinical applications. Emphasis is placed on the function of the nervous system in health and sickness. Modern principles of neuronal circuits and synaptic transmission are also introduced.

Laboratory instruction includes detailed brain and spinal cord dissection. Students are also exposed to CT, MRI, and other neuro-imaging techniques. Furthermore students are trained in the art of performing of neurological examinations.


The study of disease trends in populations and analytical methods for assessing strategies impacting population based disease trends.

Monitoring populations based on disease trends and methods for management of epidemics are explored. Basic statistical models used for evaluation and interpretation of data are introduced. Students are introduced to critical evaluation of peer based literature.

The political, environmental, and financial implications of preventive medicine and public health are discussed and analyzed. Individual disease trends will be individually analyzed with specific attention on those diseases which have the greatest impact on the population at the current time.  Attention will focus on educational and instruction programs currently utilized in the public health sector. Student will have an opportunity to utilize this knowledge through presentations and local programs.


Development of patient-doctor skills such as the nature of a complete history.  Evaluate and understand how the majority of patient presentations can be diagnosed with the information available in a competent history.  Students will gain experience in history taking.  The importance of communication will be emphasized. Students are introduced to cases where physician communication skills are imperative in establishing sound patient care, and will have an opportunity to practice their own communication skills.

MD-428           MEDICAL ETHICS & JURISPRUDENCE (2 Credits)

Moral and legal concerns in medicine.

The student is introduced to the complexities of the doctor – patient relationship, including the ethics of being a physician. Issues pertaining to confidentiality, informed consent, obstetric and pediatric ethics, and the questions of euthanasia are examined.  Students are challenged to reflect on their personal values and moral obligations as physicians.


MD-421           PHARMACOLOGY  & THERAPEUTICS  (10 Credits)

Comprehensive survey of pharmacologic agents used in medicine.

An introduction to the basic principles of pharmacology and imparting understanding of drug action and interaction to ensure therapeutic success. Biologic responses, physiologic alterations, and correction of disorders/diseases are discussed for each class of drug. An integrated approach, involving systemic pathology and clinical medicine through the use of case studies, is employed.

MD-422           PATHOLOGY I (10 Credits)

Pathophysiology of disease, with emphasis on mechanisms of disease.

Students are familiarized with the vocabulary of disease through lectures, lab exercises and class presentations. A foundation in basic concepts preceded generalized application of principles to specific organ systems. Lecture discussions include the response of the cell, tissues, and organs to disease and injury; and other basic pathological processes, such as degeneration. Lectures are supplemented by studying gross and microscopic specimens.

MD-430           PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS (10 Credits)

History taking and physical examination techniques of patients.

Interviewing, history taking and routine physical examination techniques are taught. Students will have extensive experience practicing interviewing and examining healthy patients to develop their skills. Interviewing, history taking and routine physical examination techniques are expanded upon. Students are introduced to the correlation of the basic sciences to disease processes. Students are introduced to patients with a pathological disease Student will learn how to conduct problem orientated histories and physicals as well as be introduced to special situation histories and physicals. Student will learn how to document these histories and physical in a manner consistent with current legal and ethical expectations.


MD-426           CLINICAL PATHOLOGY II  (10 Credits)

Pathophysiology of disease, with emphasis on clinicopathological correlation.

Fundamental concepts mastered in Pathology I are applied to the organ systems. Course presentations include the etiology, pathogenesis, and morphologic changes in diseases according to organ systems. Lectures, laboratory exercises, and student led class discussions examine typical presentations of major diseases in each organ system.

MD-427           MEDICAL PSYCHOLOGY & PSYCHIATRY (10 Credits)

Principles of normal and abnormal behavior, with attention to biological, social, and cultural influences.

Relationships between emotional and behavioral disturbances and brain dysfunction are emphasized. It is designed to develop the knowledge and insights required for a practicing physician’s understanding of the patient’s emotional responses to illness and stress. The basics of recognizing organic and functional psychological and behavioral disturbances are described. Sexual dysfunction, bereavement, and socio-pathological disorders receive attention. The course studies psychiatric diagnostic categories ranging from childhood disorders through geriatric dementias.  Different diagnosis and treatment strategies are discussed.  Laboratory sessions cover the mental status exam, interviewing techniques for specific neuro-psychiatric disorders, and suicidal behavior.


Clinical presentation of common diseases.

Students are introduced to specific disease processes and the subsequent diagnostic and treatment techniques by specialist physicians in the relevant fields. These fields include but are not limited to, internal medicine, surgery, obstetrics and gynecology, pediatrics, psychiatry, as well as many of the sub specialties of both medicine and surgery. Students will enhance their understanding of the correlation of basic sciences to these disease processes through exposure to patients in a clinical facility. During this time the student will be introduced to the practice of medicine in its entirety and learns valuable coping skills for their future as physicians.

USMLE Review  Course

Once students have successfully completed the Basic Sciences Program, they must pass the USMLE Step 1 before being eligible for entrance into the Clinical Sciences Program. In order to facilitate their success with the USMLE, we offer to students a self-guided prep course, focused on one goal only—passing the USMLE Step 1! The course provides 22 DVD-format videos, thousands of review questions, USMLE-style practice examinations, and other learning aids—all geared towards maximizing the student’s mastery of the knowledge and skills acquired during the Basic Sciences Program and the ability to demonstrate them in a USMLE-like test setting.

A full USMLE-style exam will be given at the beginning of the course and at the end of the course, in order that the student can accurately determine his/her progress. These exams will be taken on the computer under conditions similar to those of the actual USMLE examination. Furthermore, students will have access to the vast database of USMLE Step I review questions available at the University.

The policy of the University on the USMLE is that graduates of the Basic Sciences Program must sit for the USMLE within 6 months of graduation. In the case that the exam must be retaken, the two permitted retakes (3 sittings total) must be completed within one year of graduation for eligibility to enter the Clinical Sciences Program.